Religion & Beliefs

How Many Kids Did Adam and Eve Have?

Funny how once you start thinking about all the things you DON'T know, you remember even more things you don't know.  For me (with my spotty biblical education), religion is an area of particularly sketchy knowledge. So after looking up … Read More

By / May 16, 2007

Funny how once you start thinking about all the things you DON'T know, you remember even more things you don't know.  For me (with my spotty biblical education), religion is an area of particularly sketchy knowledge.

So after looking up Adam's clothes yesterday, I got to thinking about Adam, and I remembered that I don't really know much about his kids.  I mean, I know the story of Cain and Abel… but was that it?

The answer: NO!  I've found all kind of wacky web-sources that suggest Adam and Eve had like, 50 kids.

But you have to be careful with this kind of online search, because there are so many texts we don't use, that various Christian denominations do.  And since I've never heard of most of these "children of Adam" I'm a little nervous about them.

For instance, Wikipedia tells us:

Only three of Adam's children (Cain, Abel, and Seth) are explicitly named in Genesis, although it does state that there were other sons and daughters as well (Genesis 5:4). In Jubilees, two daughters are named – Azûrâ being the first, and Awân, who was born after Seth, Cain, Abel, nine other sons, and Azûrâ. Jubilees goes on to state that Cain later married Awân and Seth married Azûrâ, thus, accounting for their descendants. However, according to Genesis Rabba and other later sources, either Cain had a twin sister, and Abel had two twin sisters, or Cain had a twin sister named Lebuda, and Abel a twin sister named Qelimath. In the Conflict of Adam and Eve with Satan, Cain's twin sister is named Luluwa, and Abel's twin sister is named Aklia.

Aklia?  AKLIA?  Yeah, that just sounds silly.

However, we can't totally ignore all of this… because while Jubilees is NOT part of our canon, it was canonical around the second century BCE, and was included in the midrash.  So it's not like it's a comic book or anything…

Of course, the "other" child of Adam and Eve that we know about it is Seth, who (according to Chabad) "was to become the father of all future generations of man".  He lived to be 912, and fathered a lot of kids, including Enoch.

Not half bad.  But now I'm super-curious about Azura (see the apocrypha above).  Seth's WIFE?

I mean, I thought Cain got to marry some non-sister person too, who was wandering around in the woods East of Eden or something.  Couldn't Seth have found one of those?  Or is that just straight-up Christian addition to the Torah?

Eh, we'll save that for later…